How Many Bird Species Supported By Native Plant Gardens?

How Many Bird Species Supported By Native Plant Gardens?

Native plant gardens have gained recognition for their significant contribution to supporting bird populations. These gardens, consisting of locally indigenous plant species, provide essential habitat and food sources for a wide variety of bird species. In this article, we will explore the importance of native plant gardens in fostering bird diversity, and delve into relevant statistics and facts to highlight their positive impact on avian populations.

  • The National Audubon Society reports that native plant gardens can attract up to 50% more bird species compared to gardens with non-native plants.
  • According to a study published in the journal Biological Conservation, native plant gardens support significantly higher bird diversity compared to gardens dominated by non-native plants.
  • The Cornell Lab of Ornithology states that using native plants in landscaping can increase the number of bird species visiting an area by as much as 85%.
  • The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service highlights that native plant gardens are crucial for supporting bird species that have declined due to habitat loss, such as the Eastern Bluebird and the Baltimore Oriole.

Native Plants and Bird Diversity:

Native plants play a crucial role in attracting and sustaining diverse bird species. Unlike non-native plants, native species have co-evolved with local bird populations, providing them with familiar food sources, shelter, and nesting sites. Native plant gardens make for great community gardens and create a welcoming environment for both migratory and resident birds, supporting their life cycles and contributing to overall bird biodiversity.

Food Sources and Foraging:

Native plant gardens offer an abundance of food sources for birds, including nectar, seeds, fruits, and insects. Nectar-producing flowers, such as milkweed and coneflowers, attract hummingbirds and other nectar-feeding birds. Berry-bearing shrubs, such as elderberry and serviceberry, provide nutritious fruits for a range of bird species. Insect-attracting plants, such as oak trees and goldenrods, support insectivorous birds. The diverse food sources found in native plant gardens ensure a sustained and diverse bird population.

Nesting Sites and Shelter:

Native plant gardens offer a variety of nesting opportunities and shelter for birds. Trees and shrubs provide suitable locations for building nests, while dense vegetation and plant structures offer protection from predators. Native grasses and meadow plants offer nesting sites for ground-nesting bird species. By incorporating a mix of plant heights and structures, native plant gardens provide birds with the necessary shelter and safe spaces for breeding and raising their young.

Conservation of Threatened Species:

Native plant gardens play a crucial role in the conservation of threatened bird species. Many bird species rely on specific native plants for their survival. By cultivating these plants in gardens, individuals can create micro-habitats that support the recovery and conservation efforts of endangered and threatened bird species. Examples include planting milkweed for monarch butterflies and providing habitat for migratory birds that rely on specific native plants during their journey.


Native plant gardens offer a myriad of benefits for bird diversity. By providing essential food sources, nesting sites, and shelter, these gardens become vital habitats for a wide array of bird species. Supporting native plant gardens contributes to the conservation of threatened bird species and helps maintain healthy ecosystems. Whether you have a small backyard or a larger green space, incorporating native plants can make a significant impact on bird populations and enhance your enjoyment of the natural world. Let's embrace the beauty and ecological value of native plant gardens and create havens that celebrate the remarkable diversity of bird life.

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